From Madrasah toModern Schools


The first madrasahs in Ottoman State were openedin ‹znik and Bursa. Although the madrasahs wereseeming civil, after Fatih period they turned into religiouseducation schools. According to documentsof the 16th century, there were 134 neighborhoodschools in Bursa. Between 1905-1906, there were10.471 students in 33 madrasahs, 1.065 students in7 secondary schools, and 1.972 students in highschools and there were 125.245 students in neighborhoodschools and primary schools. Besides24.765 non-muslim children were taking educationas well.In the 19th century, Greek-Orthodox communityhad 81 schools giving education in Bursa. Therewere also schools belonging to foreign countries: 1American College, 3 French, and 1 Jewish Schools.Beginning with the 2nd constitution, education receivedhigh importance and 720 new schools werebuilt in Bursa in 1908 and most of the existingschools were repaired.According to the law of “Unity of Education”, madeon the 3rt March 1924 madrasahs were abolishedand a mobilization towards creating a new and mo-FROM PRUSA TO BURSA 58From Darüflflifa to today: Everything for a healthy Bursadern education system was started by State itself.The literacy rates for both of the genders in Bursaare in a constant elevation as in other cities. In1935, only 40% of men and 20.1 of women were literatehowever, in 2000 these rates were elevated to96.2% in men and 87.3% in women.According to datas of 2004, the literate citizens ofBursa in overall population was 94%, the rate of attendingwas 99 in primary school and 86.56 in secondaryschool. While in 590 primary school ofBursa, there are 11.042 teachers and 303.017 students,in 137 secondary schools of Bursa there are5.672 teachers, and 97.247 students. There are2.071 academic personnel and 43.019 students inUluda¤ University as well.