BURSA IN NUMBERS

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When Bursa was conquered by Orhan Bey, it was asmall city consisted of 2.000 households. After theconquest many social facilities were constructed inthe city. Especially with the immigrations fromcentral Asia, the population of Bursa increased. However,with conquest of ‹stanbul, this developmentstopped and we can even say that dropped back.There has been many immigrations from Bursa to‹stanbul. For instance, the Jews and Armanians inBursa were called to Istanbul. There occurred avery significant decrease in population of Bursa atthis period.In 1485 there were approximately 5.000 householdsin Bursa and that means a population of25.000. In 1530 there were 6.351 households inBursa. And that means a population of approximately35.000. As a result of Celali rebellions in thesetimes, many people considered Bursa as a safe placeand began to immigrate here. In 1573 the populationwas doubled and reached to 70.000. This populationindicates that these times Bursa was morecrowded than European cities like Cologne andMunich. However, after this date the city’s populationbegan to drop once more. Bursa reached the samepopulation of 1573, in 1940s again. Especiallyas a result of earthquakes and fires, Bursa was devastatedheavily. When Ubicini visits Bursa in1855, he sees fl of the city ruined. In the 19th centuryBursa was expanded across a large area comparedto its population.In 1831, within central district of Bursa, there were16.138 male tax payers. That means a population of70.000 people. In 1870, there were 109.975 men livingin Bursa.Bursa, four times suffered great population increases.First one occurred upon conquest of Bursa.Many Gazis and abdals had come here and settledwith their clans and disciples. The second immigrationwave occurred as a result of the people runningaway from Celali rebellions and taking shelter inBursa. The population was doubled at that period.The third great immigration wave was seen in thesecond half of the 19th century because of the Armenianimmigrations from east and settlement of93 immigrants in 1880s. The fourth immigrationwave occurred upon building of many factories andattracting people from East, Southern-east Anatolia,and Karadeniz regions. While 129.000 peoplewere living at the central Bursa in 1955, ten yearslater this population elevates to 212.000. The populationof Bursa, reaching to 360.000 in 1975 increasedto 612.000 in 1985 with the immigrants comingfrom Bulgaria. Today, the population of the citystill increases and the population of the city has exceededto 1 million. The population number withinMunicipal limits was 1.528.820 in 2004.FROM PRUSA TO BURSA 140BURSAIN NUMBERSA view of Çatalf›r›n from TophaneThe Bursa province comprises the 12.6% of overallEastern Marmara Region’s population and it is thefourth biggest province of Turkey in terms of population.According to population datas of year 2000,204 people are living per km2. The household numberseems to manifest a decrease throughout theprovince and while it was 5 in 1955, in 2000 itdropped to 3.9. The most rapid annual populationincrease in Bursa was seen between 1985-1990with the rate of 33.33%. The annual population risewas 28.6% between 1990-2000. While the populationof urban people living in Bursa province was28.6%, a significant increase was seen after 1960and the urban population was rocketed to 76.8%.This rapid immigration and population increasebrought serious urbanization problems as well.While, the population growth rate for 0-14 ages inBursa in the year 2000 was 1.03% compared to theprevious year, and it dropped to 0.77% in 2002. Thesame population growth rate for 15-64 age group inBursa in year 2000 was 2.69% compared to the previousyear, and it was dropped to 1.67% in 2002.The population growth rate for 65+ age group inBursa in year 2000 was 5.21% compared to the previousyear, and it dropped to 2.90% in 2002.The 55.6% of workers were paid workers, 23.1%were unpaid family workers, and 17.8% were workingfor himself/herself and 3.5% were working intheir own business in the year 2000. The conditionsof workers in their jobs was showing significantdifferences. While 52% of women were unpaid familyworkers, the rate of men working for himselveswere much more higher than women.