Bursa Like a Silk Textile Industry
The economy of Bursa during Byzantine and Ottomanperiods was dependent on production of silkthread and this condition was continued until theend of the 19th century; The sericulture conservedits place as the foremost industrial output. The producednatural silks were sold abroad. At the beginningof the 20th century, and during the first yearsof Republic, the first machined silk thread and weavingfactories were founded. The great leap of Bursaeconomy, which was then focused on almost totallyweaving and a little on nutrition, was began todevelop since the midst of 1960s. In chemistry, factoriesproducing synthetic threads; in automotive,automobile factories, and automotive by-productindustry; on nutrition, canned food and fruit juicefactories; in weaving, completely modern integratedfactories, were founded and Bursa had developedrapidly until the end of 1970s.In Bursa textile industry, from raw material of threadsto confection production, a wide array of productsare within scope of this sector.There are approximately8000 workplaces active in textile sector.The number of working people in this sector isnearly 60.000. 8 out of 11 synthetic thread factoriesof Turkey, were located in Bursa. In terms ofsynthetic thread production output, Bursa producesthe 75% of total output capacity of Turkey.At he beginning of the Republic, the first machinedfilature and weaving factories were founded. In1950s, the small and medium sized weaving managementswere rapidly spread. During the same years,workplaces which will turn into automotive byproductindustry in the future, were started to be founded.As a result of the protective politics on Turkishmarkets against foreign imports, an industrialdevelopment was achieved in Bursa province. Inchemistry, factories producing synthetic threads; inautomotive, aotomobile factories, and automotiveby-product industry; in nutrition, canned food andfruit juice factories; in weaving, completely modernintegrated factories were founded during theseyears and developed rapidly until the end of the1970s. However, at the end of the 1980s, an industrialdepression period was experienced.After the declaration of Republic, many developmentshave been occurred in economical structureof Bursa. The foundation of Merinos Factory wasthe approval of Bursa’s status as the center of theweaving industry. In the same years, Gemlik ArtificialSilk Factory was founded in order to promotenatural silk consuming and has played a significantrole in economy of Bursa as well.In 1924, there were 1.500 workers working in filaturefactories. 48% of the workers were employedin factories of foreigners, 28% in factories belon-FROM PRUSA TO BURSA 146ging to minorities, and 24% in factories of Turkishbusinessmen. In 1933, two of the factories of Sümerbankthat would be founded were in Bursa. MerinosWool Factory founded in 1935 and with ArtificialSilk Factory they began production in 1938.Textile sector forms the spine of the export of Bursain terms of structural concerns. Especially the artificialand synthetic weaving production formsmost of the total production, exportation, and employment.More than 25% of the overall added valueis created by this sector. 8 of 11 synthetic threadfactories in Turkey are in Bursa. In terms of syntheticthread production, Bursa has a significant sharewithin the total capacity of Turkey. It is a rare regionin the world where so many thread factories aresituated.In Bursa, besides weaving many threads such as;cotton thread, nylon thread, polyester thread, woolthread, sewing and embroidery threads, used in varioussectors, are produced. 75% of the flosh threadsproduced in Turkey originates from Bursa. Theshare of textile among the total industrial products’exportation realized via BTSO was 28.6 in 2001,but dropped to 20% in 2004. .