Tophane, “fiol Gümüfllü Kubbe”(Silvered Dome)
Osman Gazi had died before conquering Bursa in1324. Before his death, he had bequeathed to be buriedto the Gümüfllü Kubbe which can be seen evenfrom far. Gümüfllü Kubbe was the monastery of SaintHelie where Osman and Orhan Gazi were buried.It was called like this because of its shining domeseven from far.This monastery, had been terribly devastated by theearthquake of 1855 and it couldn’t be rebuilt. Whenthe rebuilding works were started by Sultan Abdulazizin 1863, the monastery seperated into two buildings.The buildings except the tombs of Osmanand Orhan Gazi were destroyed. However, the groundmosaics of Orhan Gazi tomb are still belongingto theByzantium monastery.Dr. Bernard described 1850s Tophane as follows:”It is situated in the middle of the city on a steeprock. One can enter from North through Tabakhanegate, from North through Kapl›ca Gate, and fromUluda¤ through Zindan and Sur Gates. Remnantsfrom Davul monastery and remnants of palaces builtby Murat I in one corner of the castle and MehmetI in another corner of the castle outside the Orhanmosque, can be seen. If examined carefully, theplaces of mansions, fountains, and gardens can beseen as well and one can dream about their beauties.They are the most beautiful places of the city.”Carsten Niebuhr says: “There was a drum of astoundingmagnitude in the monastery.” Von Warsbercrelates in 1869 that: “The palace in the castleis prevailing the entire plain, and rising as a poeticsymbol of the region.”One of the rare streets keeping the Ottoman spiritalive is Kale Sokak and it is located in Tophane aswell. Ten houses, facing each other, have been restoratedaccording to the Ottoman civil architecturalexamples and the whole street is turned into a livelyplace with inhabitants dwelling in.