Bursa, The Crossroad of Civilizations

    Atatürk and Bursa

    Atatürk declared Ankara, which was the centre ofthe war of national liberation, as capital but he wasalways interested in Bursa. Thus, Bursa is one ofthe cities Atatürk visited most. From 1922 to his death,Atatürk had visited Bursa for 18 times.Atatürk… READ »

    The Problems ThatModern Bursa Faces

    The people of Bursa suffered a lot during the yearsof occupation. Especially in the villages, many peoplewere killed and many houses were burntdown. Many districts were destoyed and burntdown during the occupation years in centralBursa as well. After the post-occupationalperiod,… READ »

    Hard Times: Bursa, DuringOccupation-TowardsIndependence

    At the end of the first world war, Turkey was occupiedby entente powers. Greeks have first occupiedIzmir and its surroundings in 1920 and then invadedMustafakemalpafla and Karacabey on june 6, 1920.English troops occupied Gemlik on July 6.The greatest suffering in… READ »

    Moral Capital, Bursa

    After Fatih (1451-1481) conquered ‹stanbul, theimportance of Bursa fell to second place. Thus,Bursa stayed always the second and moral capital.For instance, when Fatih died and Bayezid II(1481-1512) came to throne, his brother Cem hadcome to Bursa and declared his sovereignty…. READ »

    A Dervish-Like Sultan,Murat II (1421-1451)

    He is the son of Çelebi Mehmet andEmine Hatun. He was appointed tobe Amasya Governor in 1415. Hecrushed and overwhelmed the revoltsof Germiyano¤ullar›, Ramazano¤ullar›, and Mentefleo¤ullar›of Anatolian principalities andBörklüce Mustafa rebellion.He took the castle of Selanik (Thessaloniki)from Venezians. He expandedthe… READ »

    Çelebi Mehmet, the SultanWho Founded the Ottoman StateOnce Again (1413-1421)

    Çelebi Mehmet, son of Sultan Bayezid I and DevletHatun, is the fifth of Ottoman Sultans and the secondfounder of Ottoman State. Hestruggled against his brothers;Isa and Musa to unite thewhole Ottoman lands,which was disintegratedafter the Ankara war(1402), under one uniquerule…. READ »

    The Face of DarknessInterregnum Period (1402-1413)

    Although Bursa was developing fastly in the Ottomanperiod, after Ottomans were defeated by Timur,who had had the support of Anatolian Principalities,it was sacked and the whole city was set tofire including Ulucami by Timur’s soldiers. Then,for a certain period, the… READ »

    A Sultan Like A Thunder, I. Bayezid (1360-1403)

    Yıldırım Bayezıd, son of Murat I and Gülçiçek Hatun,has ascended the throne in1389. Many principalitieswere joined Ottomans duringhis term. He foughtwith crusaders in 1396in the Ni¤bolu war andwon. The AnatolianPrincipalities took thesupport of Timur and revoltedagainst Y›ld›r›m.He fought with Timur… READ »

    First Martyr Sultan,Murat Hüdavendigar (1360-1389)

    He was the son of Orhan bey and took lessons onwar and governing from Lala fiahin Pasha. He wasappointed to be the governor of Bursa in 1340 andpromoted to be the commander of Rumeli armyupon death of his brother Süleyman… READ »

    An Empire Is Rising Out of Bursa Orhan Gazi Period (1324-1360)

    Orhan Bey, son of the founder of Ottoman state andthe second sultan of the Ottomans, was appointedas a deputy to his father. He conqueredMudanya in 1321, and Bursa on6 april, 1326 and ascended to the thronein 1324. He won a… READ »

    Have Warriors in Women’sAttire Taken Bursa?

    People of Bursa who immensely enjoy tales of heroism,maybe because they couldn’t accept the ideaof Bursa taken by brute force, have producedmany tales and myths concerning the conquest ofBursa. Chalcondyles and most of Christian historiansthat followed him record that Osman… READ »

    The Conquest of Bursa

    Since Osman Bey had won a victory against theunited army of Byzantine governors near Dimboz/Erdo¤an village in 1308, he was already veryclose to Bursa. After this date, he constructed twotowers; one commanded by Ak Timur located infront of Kükürtlü Hamam›,… READ »

    Will of Osman Gazi

    Don’t stray away from Allah’s will! Learn whatyou don’t know from the learned. Don’t be cruel andmerciless. Cheer the world with your justice. Andpraise my name by not straying from jihad in thename of Allah! Lend your ear to the… READ »

    From Principality to State (Osman Gazi Period 1299-1324)

    Osman Bey, The founderand first sultan of OttomanState was son ofErtu¤rul Gazi. TheChristian neighborsof Ottomans presenteda great advantagefor them and enabledOttomans to enlargentheir land into an empirein a very short time.Osman Bey received many support from Dervishesduring his founding of… READ »

    The Approach of Turks Towards Bursa Region

    Muslims were first closed in on Bursa during theperiod of Abbasi family. “Hamedanl›lar” of Aleppo,seized Bursa and ruled there for 23 years in 955.As far as we know, Turks first came to Bursa regionafter 1081. ‹znik was the capital of… READ »

    Bursa, Whose City?

    Bursa and its surroundings were formerly calledBithynia. The South and west of Uluda¤ wasknown as Mysia. The Bithynians living in the Bursaregion were of Thracian origin. Because it wassituated at the point where Europe meets Asia, therewere various people habitating… READ »

    The Foundation of Prousa (Bursa)

    Bursa region, was dominated by many colonies until the Bithynian state was founded in the 4th century BC According to the famous History of Herodot, in those days the only existing city in this region was Cius/Gemlik. The foundation of… READ »

    Bursa in Mythology

    According to myths, Bursa had been founded at Tahtal› Village at first. There was a sickly, poor daughter of a powerful Sultan. Her visage was horrendous because of leper. There was no one courting her because she wasn’t pleasant to… READ »


    Bursa and its surroundings, one of the many heavenly places of Anatolia, the cradle of civilizations, have witnessed many settlements since the old ages. The civilizations created by these settlements were dated back to 7 thousand years before according to… READ »