Home > CITY OF BURSA

CITY OF BURSA

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Mudanya

Established as an Ionian colony in the 7th centuryB.C., Mudanya was first named Mirleia, thenApamia and finally Montania. Name ‘Mudanya’came from a change of Montania. Being a villageattached to Kite/Ürünlü for many years, Mudanyabecame a district center in the 19th… READ »

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Kestel

Name of Kestel, established as a headquarters ofthe Governor during the Byzantine Period, originatedfrom Castellium/Castulus’. Old Kestel Castlehas become the symbol of the district center.Situated to the east of Bursa, the district center wasoriginally 10 km away from the city… READ »

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Gürsu

Formerly called Kebir/Büyük Susurluk, a municipalorganization was established on 1 March 1930in Gürsu and it was named Gürsu in 1931. Whilebeing a subdistrict attached to Y›ld›rim CentralDistrict, it became a district under a law No. 3644dated 9 May 1990.Located to… READ »

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İnegöl

Name of Inegöl established in the Roman Periodprobably originates from Angelokome. Located tothe east of Bursa and where about 200 thousand peoplelive, is today an important industrial center.Timber products industry and particularly furnitureindustry has been developed very much in the… READ »

İznik

Located to the east of the lake that carries its name,Iznik was established 2400 years ago. Deriving itsold name from Nicaea, Iznik harbors a large numberof monuments dating back to the Roman,Byzantine and early Ottoman Periods. Iznik wasthe city where… READ »

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Karacabey

The old name for Karacabey, located to the west ofBursa, was Michaelic. Michaelic founded duringthe Byzantine Period was named Karacabey afterDay› (Uncle) Karacabey.Industry in Karacabey has been developed uponagriculture and besides its tomato paste and flourfactories, it has created the… READ »

Mustafakemalpafla

Originally known as Kirmasti, M.Kemalpafla was aByzantine city. Because he saved our country andthis district, it was renamed “Mustafakemalpafla” in1922 after our savior.The population in the district center exceeds 100thousand. Industry based on agriculture has beendeveloped in the district. In… READ »

Orhangaz

The former name of Orhangazi to the west of IznikLake was Pazarköy. Originally established with thename, Basilinopolis in 4th century B.C. remainedfor a long time as a village attached to Iznik. Itbecame a district center in 1893.It was renamed Orhangazi… READ »

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Yenişehir

Because it is the first city established by the OttomanState it was called Yeniflehir (New City). Possessinga rich and fertile plain, Yeniflehir, becamethe first capital city of the Ottoman State in 1302.Because of this, Yeniflehir harbors numerous historicalmonuments and it… READ »

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Orhaneli

Originally named Adranos, Orhaneli, located to thesouth of Bursa, was named after Hadrianus, theRoman Emperor. It was renamed Orhaneli in 1913after Orhan Bey who conquered the region.Remaining for a long time as the center of districtsof Harmanc›k, Keles and Büyükorhan… READ »

Harmancık

Located to the south of Bursa, Harmanc›k was firsta subdistrict attached to Orhaneli District and in1987, it was made a district under the law no. 3392.Veysio¤lu, the notable of the Mountain locality,lived at his mansion at the district center, formerlyknown… READ »

Büyükorhan

Located 96 km to the south of Bursa, Büyükorhanwas most probably a tiny village established in the16th century. It remained attached to Orhaneli until1987,when it became a district. As a settlementconsisting of three nomad groups, it was named“Orhan-I Kebir” after… READ »

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Keles

Being a village attached to Orhaneli for many years,the name most probably originates from the refugeescoming from the Keles Region in CentralAsia. It became a subdistrict and district center in1931 and 1953, respectively.Majority of the inhabitants of the district engagewith… READ »

BURSA THE CITY OF IMMIGRANT

Bursa is a city formed by immigrations There hasbeen various immigration waves to Bursa alonghistory. During these immigrations, various peopleand populations came to Bursa from various regions.Even Tynis, living here before Turks, had immigratedto this wonderful region from Thrace. Then,Turks… READ »

TRADITIONS OF BURSA

Birth Customs

The cord of new-born baby is cutand washed in salty water and its eyes are covered.They used to clean the women after birth beforeleave her to rest in bed. The mother was staying inbed for 40 days. Her mother would… READ »

Marriage Customs

The marriages were beginningwith proposals. If the would-be groom likesthe would-be bride, first the family of groom seeksopinion of the other side about this affair. If they seepositive signs upon these inquiries, the familieswould begin to talk with each other…. READ »

Funeral Customs

They used to place a knife on adead person in order to prevent its belly swell andtie up the jaw of him. The thumbs of the person werebeing tied by a rag. The dead person was first beingcleaned and was… READ »

Traditional Handcrafts

Traditional HandcraftsIn Bursa that has a rich past in terms of traditionalhandcraft, silk garment and velvet weaving, towelmanufacturing,dye/paint manufacturing, knife-manufacturing,glassware-making, saddlery, tile-makingand ceramic manufacturing is considerably developed.The knives, which, in the past as well as today, havea special place among… READ »

Traditional Folk Dances

Traditional folk-dances of Bursa have a vivid andrhythmic structure. It is played by two or more personsin the form of “greeting and a ring”. It is a teamdance by nature. There are no hand or arm connectionsin regional dances. In… READ »

Various Characteristic Features of Bursa

Traditional Clothes Although these clothes areworn in rural regions, they are abandoned in city life.The traditional mens’ wear in Bursa were: çar›k,wool socks, potur or çak›fl›r, cepken, blouse, andkülah (a kind of hat).The mens’ clothes made from colorful fabrics are… READ »

Dishes of Bursa Cuisine Culture

Because its climate and geography are convenientfor agriculture, every kind of vegetable and fruitcan be found in Bursa. Due to these positive factors,the cuisine culture of Bursa flourished well.Bursa has 5 dishes well known beyond its borders:‹skender kebap, ‹negöl meatballs,… READ »

Selection of Bursa Cuisine

Bursa Casserole: The dish prepared by lamb meat,tomato, pepper, mushroom, special spices, was putinto casserole and cooked in the oven. Sultan Plate: Chicken meat, tomato, pepper, mushroom,salt, black pepper, and thyme are kneadedtogether and put into oven. The cooked dish,… READ »

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BURSA CHANGING WITHIN WHEELS OF LIFE

Bursa is preparing for the 21st century with all itsNGOs. Democratic mass organizations are beginningto take part in city administration. There werea lot of foundations and societies have been foundedin order to preserve the natural and cultural soulof Bursa. There… READ »

Health Above All

Darüflflifa, built by Y›ld›r›m Bayezid in Bursa in1390, was the first health institution in OttomanState. In the related documents Darüflflifa is mentionedas T›marhane (Mental hospital) as well. Becausethis hospital was serving the mentally ill patients,too.After the collapse of Darüflflifa in… READ »

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From Madrasah toModern Schools

The first madrasahs in Ottoman State were openedin ‹znik and Bursa. Although the madrasahs wereseeming civil, after Fatih period they turned into religiouseducation schools. According to documentsof the 16th century, there were 134 neighborhoodschools in Bursa. Between 1905-1906, there were10.471… READ »

Uludağ University

It was founded as “Bursa University” in 1975 and isconsisted of 8 faculties, 2 higher education schools,10 occupational higher education schools, 3 institutes,13 research and application centres. Th universitywas founded 18 km to the city centre on 16.000dönüm area and… READ »

A City Where CulturesWere Kneaded

The city of Bursa had been influenced by variouscultural effects. Non-Muslims and muslims had livedtogether for 7 centuries in this city. Just before85 years, the rate of non-Muslim people were exceedingone third of the Muslim population.The rates of non-Muslim population… READ »

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The Contribution ofNon-Muslims to Bursa

Although today only 40-50 non-Muslim householdsdwell in Bursa, it is understood from the documentsthat lately, non-Muslims were living herein a very comfortable atmosphere. It can be easilyseen that Christians, Muslims, and Jewish had livedin harmony in Bursa. Jewish people were… READ »

“Bursa: A Brand Name City”

When entering the Republican period, Bursa had adeveloped cultural and economic life that far outweighedthat of many cities in Anatolia. Only secondto Istanbul, a theater was opened; a newspapernamed “Hüdavendigar” began to be published andin 1904, the first museum was… READ »